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Cyanotype Kits For Sale / Resources for Workshop participants

Michelle Vine supplies ready made cyanotype kits from her Brisbane home studio to artists, teachers, schools and the public. She is also available to facilitate a range of art and photography workshops for both adults and children, in her East Brisbane studio or at schools and galleries. Postage available Australia wide and bulk discount are available for art facilitators who wish to stock the kits for resale during workshops.

Basic Instructions:

Michelle Vine Studio’s Cyanotype Chemistry Kits Set makes DIY cyanotype printing simple and convenient. The chemistry comes premeasured in solution in UV proof brown glass bottles. Simply mix the Part A solution with Part B in equal amounts to create the cyanotype sensitizer. Only make enough for your immediate use as the mixed solutions will only be effective for a few days at most. Coat fabric or paper with the sensitizer and, once dry, create prints by exposing to sunlight or a UV light source, using objects or a film negative to create an image. After exposure, prints are processed in a tray of cool water and allowed to air dry over about 24 hours; prints will oxidize to their final deep blue color. To instantly oxidise the print to its final color, submerge in a dilute bath of hydrogen peroxide after washing, then rinse and dry.  Can be used on any natural surface, including cotton, linen, silk, canvas, wool, paper, wood and leather. Creating test prints are highly recommended for all projects.

Download Instructions for Cyanotype Kits

View Cyanotype Lecture Slides as pdf

Introduction to the Cyanotype process


The English scientist and astronomer Sir John Herschel discovered this procedure in 1842. Though Herschel is perhaps the inventor of the cyanotype process, it was Anna Atkins, a British scientist, who brought the process into the realm of photography. She created a limited series of cyanotype books that documented ferns and other plant life. By using this process, Anna Atkins is regarded as the first woman photographer.


What is a cyanotype?

Cyanotype is an antique photographic process distinctive for its Prussian blue monochrome prints. It was invented in the Victorian era but was quickly forgotten as photography improved, only surviving as a copying technique for documents and plans in the form of blueprints.

Recently there has been renewed interest in old or alternative photographic techniques and cyanotype is recognised as being one of the easiest and safest forms of these to master. The chemicals can be applied to a variety of surfaces and exposed in contact with an object or negative either directly to the sun or to an artificial ultra violet light source. Development simply involves washing with water and allowing to dry naturally.


What is a photogram?

A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera by placing objects directly onto the surface of a light-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light. The usual result is a negative shadow image that shows variations in tone that depends upon the transparency of the objects used.

When making photograms using the cyanotype technique areas of the paper that have received no light appear white; those exposed through transparent or semi-transparent objects appear in various tones of blue. Areas of the paper that have received full light appear dark cyan blue.

Process Overview

The cyanotype process is simple. It can be done easily in a few steps:

1. Mix two chemicals to create photo sensitive solution of ‘sensitizer’.
2. Brush, smear, or soak the sensitizer into cotton-based watercolor paper.
3. Create a negative image on a transperency with a laser/inkjet printer or copy machine.
4. Place the negative over the dried, sensitized paper or just place objects on the paper to create a photogram.
5. Expose to UV light.
6. Wash the image in water to develop.
7. Hang to dry, and enjoy!



<b>A taxonomy of things (Melaleuca drift) 2016</b> detail of installation view Paperbark, entomology pins, dimensions variable

Michelle Vine, Herbarium Hamburgense 2016-2017

Cyanotypes on Canson Edition, edition of 10, each image 30 x 42 cm.

The process in detail

1. Mixing the chemicals

This recipe makes approximately 50 8×10 inch prints. The cyanotype is made up of two simple solutions:

  • Solution A: 25 grams Ferric ammonium citrate (green) and 100 ml. water.
  • Solution B: 10 grams Potassium ferricyanide and 100 ml. water.

Dissolve the chemicals in water to make two separate solutions. Add Ammonium ferric citrate to water into one container and Potassium ferricyanide to water in another. Stir with a plastic spoon until the chemicals dissolve. Mix equal quantities of each solution together in a third container. Unused solutions can be stored separately in brown bottles away from light, but will not last very long once they have been mixed. Dispose of any unused chemicals in a sensible and environmentally friendly way!

Your work area
Your floors, carpets, walls, work surfaces, clothes and skin can be stained by the chemicals. Cover all possible areas, use rubber gloves and an apron or an old shirt to work in. If you have the space, choose an area where you can spread out. Ordinary light bulbs or tungsten light is safe to use, but UV light will affect your prints. Some fluorescent lighting may also affect your prints.

2. Preparing the paper


The exposure time for cyanotype is very slow so coating paper or fabric may be done in low light conditions away from direct sunlight. However, to be safe it is advisable to dry the paper or fabric in complete darkness or in darkroom conditions.

When coating paper or fabric with the cyanotype chemical it is important to ensure an even application. Remember to stir the chemical before applying to make sure that it is properly mixed.

• Brush – Use a soft brush to evenly coat the surface. It is best to apply two coats, working over the surface methodically in both directions (length and width ways). It is advisable to use a brush without a metal ferrule, as this can affect the cyanotype chemical. A pastry brush or a foam brush can work very well.

• Dip – Dipping the paper or fabric into a flat tray of cyanotype solution will ensure an even coating of the chemical. However, this method will use up much more of the chemical than other coating methods. Be sure to allow excess cyanotype solution to drip off paper before putting to dry. With textiles it may be necessary to squeeze out the excess before drying.

• Rod – A glass coating rod is a very economical way to coat paper but is of little use on fabric. Place the paper in a flat tray and pour a line of cyanotype solution along one edge. Carefully pull the solution over the length of the paper a few times until the whole surface has been coated evenly.

• Get Creative – How else could you apply the sensitiser to your paper?


Once the paper or fabric has been sufficiently coated, set to dry in a dark room or cabinet. Paper or fabric can be dried horizontally on top of newspaper or on a drying rack. They can also be dried vertically by hanging on a washing line.

Once the cyanotype chemical has been dried, it is best to expose and process the cyanotype as soon as possible. Coated material however can be kept for as long as 6 months if it has been kept in a light fast container such as an old photographic black bag and box.

3. Printing the cyanotype

Print a cyanotype by placing your negative (to reproduce a photograph) or object (to make a photogram) in contact with your coated paper or fabric. Sandwich it with a piece of glass.

Expose the sandwich to UV light. Natural sunlight is the traditional light source, but UV lamps can also be used.

A photogram can also be made by placing items on the surface. Plants, decorative items or other objects can be used to create silhouettes or interesting shapes.

Exposure times can vary from a few minutes to several hours, depending on how strong your light source is or the season where you are printing.

When the color is a nice even slate grey quickly place a big black piece of card between the objects and the paper and quickly take the sheets inside.

4. Processing and drying

When the print has been exposed, process your print by rinsing it in cold water. The wash also removes any unexposed chemicals. Wash for at least 5 minutes, until all chemicals are removed and the water runs clear. Oxidation is also hastened this way – bringing out the blue color. The final print can now be hung to dry.

Cyanotype works from other artists for inspiration

Lloyd Godman - Conversations with Trees 2004

Artist: Lloyd Godman

In his Conversations with Trees series (2004), the artist has made a series of experimental alternative photographic works where the emulsion is painted onto the paper in a figurative manner.

View website

Anna Atkins - Algae Cyanotype c.1843

Artist: Anna Atkins

A photogram of Algae, made by Anna Atkins as part of her 1843 book, “Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions”, the first book composed entirely of photographic images.

View wikipedia entry

Bill Chambers - All washed up series 2016

Artist: Bill Chambers

In his All Washed Up series (2016), the artist has created cyanotype prints using objects collected from the city streets after a storm.

bill chambers printmaker

Bodice back by Francis Baker

Artist: Francis Baker

Cyanotype on sewing pattern tissue

Christian Marclay Untitled (Studio Floor) 2008

Artist: Christian Marclay

Untitled (Studio Floor)
22-1/2 x 30 inches
Unique Cyanotype

Utilizing the photogram technique (often with multiple exposures) he “draws” with cassettes and unfurled tape, exploring a range of compositional strategies in the intense blue of the cyanotype that are partly inspired by well known abstract painters.

View more

Annie Lopez "Medical Condition' (2013)

Artist: Annie Lopez

Medical Conditions (2013), a vintage-inspired dress in which the artist Annie Lopez developed cyanotypes onto tamale wrappers with images representing family memories.

View article NY times

Miss Julie by Robert A. Schaefer Jr

Artist: Robert A. Schaefer Jr

Cyanotype titled ‘Miss Julie’

Julian mixed media by lmchelaru(flicker)

Artist:  lmchelaru(flicker)

Cyanotype titled Julian altered with watercolour paint

Robert Rauschenberg and Susan Weil, Female Figure ca. 1950

Artist: Robert Rauschenberg and Susan Weil

c. 1950 Monoprint: exposed blueprint paper

105 x 36 inches
(266.7 x 91.4 cm)

Robert Rauschenberg Foundation

View website

Extra Cyanotype Resources:

Here are a few of the resources that I have found very informative during my research into cyanotypes:

General Info on the Process:

Christopher James. 2009. The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes (2nd ed.). Engage Learning, NY. Particularly chapters:

Chapter 5: The Digital Options: An odd history, workflows for negatives, & the digital arts; pp. 102-132.

Chapter 7: The cyanotype process; pp.  148-174

Chapter 8: Cyanotype: Variations and adaptions; pp.176-194.

Making Digital Negatives  (for those that wish to go into the technical sides of this part of the process)

According to Christina Z. Anderson (http://www.freestylephoto.biz/alternative-process/making-digital-negatives) excellent results can be yielding from following a Three-step negative workflow:

  1. Determine the Basic Exposure Time for the photo process to be used to give maximum black.
  2. Determine overall negative contrast to match the contrast of the process and give “paper white.”
  3. Make midtone adjustments to match the response curve of the process.

From her instructions, this is NOT a simple process: it is quite involved but the explanations are detailed and well-written.

See also:


Toning Cyanotypes

Toning Cyanotype Prints – a pdf guide by Jacquard

Tea Toning Cyanotypes pdf